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Journal of Economic Integration 2013 June;28(2) :204-240.
Production Linkage of Asia and Europe via Central and Eastern Europe
Mitsuyo Ando and 
Fukunari Kimura 
Keio University, Tokyo, Japan
Corresponding Author: Mitsuyo Ando ,Tel: +81 334534511, Fax: +81 354271578, Email:
Copyright ©2013 Journal of Economic Integration
This paper investigates the novel development of machinery trade pattern in the Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and analyzes the extent and depth of production networks in Europe from the perspective of their links with East Asia during the past 15 years, 1995~2010. Our descriptive analysis based on the total value of trade and the extensive margin demonstrates further production fragmentation in Europe, shifting from Western Europe (CEE production sharing to a regional network with more active transactions among CEE countries) to a global link with East Asia via CEE, particularly in the electric machinery sector. Our quantitative analysis verifies the evolution of production networks in Europe, from regional to global. These results partially reflect the reduction in services link costs, the evolution of industrial clustering among CEE countries particularly after the EU enlargement, and the strengthening competence of production networks in East Asia.

JEL Classification
F14: Empirical Studies of Trade
F15: Economic Integration
F23: Multinational Firms; International Business
L23: Organization of Production
Keywords: The 2nd unbundling | Fragmentation | Agglomeration | Intensive and Extensive Margins | Machinery trade
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