Register  |  Login  |  Inquiries  |  Sitemap |  
Advanced Search
Journal of Economic Integration 2017 December;32(4) :937-977.
Measuring Trade Integration in Africa

Antoine Bouët Lionel Cosnard David Laborde 

IFPRI, Washington D.C., US & GREThA, Bordeaux, France
AgroParisTech, Paris, France
IFPRI, Washington D.C., US
Corresponding Author: Antoine Bouët ,Tel: +1 2028625600, Fax: +1 2028625606, Email:
Copyright ©2017 Journal of Economic Integration
This paper reviews the literature on the measurement and characterization of trade integration in Africa. We offer the complete evaluation of available indicators and methodologies. The indicators include those that have recently emerged from network analysis including indicators of trade in value-added commodities. It is concluded that Africa is characterized by weak trade integration, particularly with the rest of the world. This is naturally explained by high trading costs that are evaluated by tariffs, non-tariff measures, and other trade costs, such as those related to border and documentary compliance. The region’s small number of trading partners and low product diversification are also noticeable. However, the use of more refined indicators shows that intra-African trade is relatively high when compared with trade with other continents, contrary to what can be concluded from some simple trade share indicators.

JEL Classification
F14: Empirical Studies of Trade
F15: Economic Integration
Keywords: Trade Integration | Trade Indicators | Africa
Editorial Office
Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, 209, Neungdong-Ro, Gwangjin-Gu,
Seoul, 05006, Korea
TEL : +82-2-3408-3338    FAX : +82-2-6935-2492   E-mail :,
Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers |  About
Copyright© by Center for Economic Integration.      Developed in M2PI